What Do Pet Dogs Eat A Guide for First Time Pet Owners

What Do Pet Dogs Eat? A Guide for First-Time Pet Owners

Having a pet dog is an exciting adventure! Watching your pup grow, learn new tricks, and bond with you is incredible. But what do pet dogs eat? If you’re a first-time pet owner, it can be overwhelming to think about everything you need to know to ensure your pup is happy and healthy. So let’s start with the basics of their diet! 

The Best Food for Your Dog 

A balanced diet for your pup will include high-quality food explicitly tailored for dogs. When looking at dog food labels, look for proteins like chicken, beef, fish, or eggs as the first ingredient. The food should also include fruits and vegetables like carrots and apples. 

Avoid foods with fillers like corn and wheat because they are not nutritionally beneficial for dogs. Look out for “human grade” ingredients on the label; these are safe enough to be consumed by humans too. 

According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, a balanced diet is crucial for a dog’s overall health and longevity. Here’s a comprehensive guide to set you on the right path.

Choosing the Right Food Type for Your Dog

While kibble is a popular choice, it’s not the only option. Let’s explore various food types for your furry friend:

  • Kibble: Convenient and cost-effective, but make sure it lists real meat as the first ingredient.
  • Wet Food: Easier to eat and often more palatable, but can be expensive.
  • Raw Food: Highly nutritious but should be handled carefully to prevent bacterial contamination.
  • Homemade Meals: Allows you to control ingredients but consult a vet for a balanced recipe.

Age-Specific Dietary Guidelines

  • Puppies (0-1 Year): Require high protein and calorie-rich food. Feed them 3-4 times a day.
  • Adults (1-7 Years): Require balanced nutrients and fewer calories. Feed them twice a day.
  • Seniors (8+ Years): Need fewer calories and may require specialized diets for medical conditions.

Understanding Caloric Needs

The number of calories your dog needs depends on their age, weight, and activity level. For example:

  • Small breeds: 40 calories per pound
  • Medium breeds: 35 calories per pound
  • Large breeds: 30 calories per pound

Feeding Schedule 

Feed your adult dog twice a day and provide constant access to fresh water. If you have a puppy, they may require 3-4 meals per day. Always consult your vet for specific portion sizes.

Make sure that you always provide access to fresh water throughout the day as well! 

Treats & Snacks 

Giving treats throughout the day is a great way to show affection to your pup and reward them when they do something cute or well-trained! However, ensure that treats don’t make up more than 10% of their daily calories, as it can cause digestive issues or weight gain in some cases. 

Also, avoid giving human food such as chocolate, onions, or grapes since they can be toxic for pets. Instead, opt for organic treats that contain natural ingredients like whole-grain oats or peanut butter, which are much safer options!  


As a first-time pet owner, trying to understand your furry friend’s needs can be daunting – but don’t worry! Feeding them high-quality food explicitly tailored for dogs with lots of love and care will keep your pup happy and healthy. 

Be mindful of filling their diet with too many treats; balance out their meals with nutritious kibble full of proteins and veggies so they get all the nutrients they need! With these tips in mind, you’ll be on track toward giving your puppy a fantastic life filled with many cuddles!


Can I feed my dog human food?

Some human foods like carrots and apples are safe in moderation.

How often should I change dog food brands?

Consult your vet, especially if your dog has dietary restrictions.

First Time Pet Parents, Food
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